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5 Facts About Diamonds

13 February 2019
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Diamonds are one of the most precious and sought after stones in the world. Here we will discuss 5 facts that makes that diamond gift extra special.

Diamonds are one of the most precious and sought after stones in the world. Consisting of a clear and colourless crystalline form of pure carbon, this makes diamonds one of the hardest naturally occurring substances in the world and undoubtedly highly desired for rings, earrings, pendants, bracelets and necklaces.


You may have heard about the four C's (Cut, Colour, Clarity and Carat) when it comes to diamonds, but there are endless interesting facts that will amaze you. Here we will discuss 5 facts that makes buying yourself or a loved one that diamond gift extra special.


1. YOUR DIAMONDS ARE PROBABLY BILLIONS OF YEARS OLD


One of the oldest diamonds ever discovered is estimated to be over 4 billion years old. It was found in Australia, trapped inside zircon crystals. Despite the age of the diamond being extremely impressive, the majority of diamonds that you own are from 1 billion to 3.3 billion years old.


How do diamonds travel to the earth's surface?

Diamonds that we see at the surface are ones that are brought up by a very deep-seated volcanic eruption. Ancient materials are transported up volcanic pipes, bringing diamonds up to the surface of the earth - ready to be mined.


2. SOME DIAMONDS MAY HAVE COME FROM OUTER SPACE


In 2008 a meteorite fell into Earth's atmosphere and exploded over the Nubian Desert in Sudan - this is how we discovered that diamonds can be formed in an interstellar environment.


Diamonds that are believed to have been deposited by an asteroid are called carbonado diamonds. These are mostly found in Africa and South America. You probably won't find these types of diamonds mounted onto an engagement ring as these stones are extremely unique - containing high levels of graphite and being quite porous.  However, some are suitable for cutting and polishing into a black diamonds.



3. THE WORLD'S LARGEST DIAMOND EVER DISCOVERED IS 3106 CARATS

The Cullinan diamond is the name given to the largest diamond found in the world, weighing 3106 carats (1.33 pounds). If the Cullinan Diamond was to be sold in its original form, it's estimated to be worth a staggering £307 million!

 Discovered in 1905 in South Africa, the owner gave the diamond to King Edward, which was eventually cut into nine large diamonds and 100 smaller ones. The three largest of these diamonds are now on display in the Tower of London as part of the Crown Jewels.


4. MORE THAN A MILLION CARATS OF DIAMONDS ARE MINED EACH YEAR


Approximately 133 million carats of rough diamonds are produced each year. Diamonds are used for a vast number of reasons, not just for jewellery. Industrial and medical industries rely on diamonds for their tools as they are the hardest material on earth. Over 110,000 tons of diamonds are now being synthetically produced in laboratories to help meet demand - these are known as ‘man-made diamonds'.



5. DIAMOND ENGAGEMENT RINGS DATE BACK TO 1477


Diamonds have been associated with wealth, health and protection for hundreds of years. It is a popular tradition to gift a diamond ring as part of a proposal. Many people are not aware of when this tradition dates back to, when Archduke Maximilian of Austria gave a diamond ring to Mary of Burgundy in 1477. Nowadays diamond engagement rings are still the most popular choice, with 87% of the population wearing a diamond engagement ring over other gemstones. The diamond has also been recognised as 60th and 75th wedding anniversaries, making it a real symbol of love and marriage.


At Diamond Heaven we are dedicated to finding you special diamond jewellery perfect for any occasion. Whether it is to give to a loved one, or a gift for yourself.

For advice and support on picking the perfect gift - book an appointment at one of our branches, or contact us on 0121 200 1300.